Things You Should Know

WHAT IS THE QUALIFIED LAWYERS TRANSFER SCHEME?

The Qualified Lawyers Transfer Scheme (QLTS) was implemented on 1 September 2010 and replaced the Qualified Lawyers Transfer Test (QLTT). The QLTS offers internationally qualified lawyers (as well as English barristers) the opportunity to dual qualify as a solicitor in England and Wales.

The QLTS consists of three assessments which are administered by the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) of England and Wales and are delivered by ONE assessment organisation, namely Kaplan QLTS.

Kaplan QLTS have been appointed as the sole provider of the QLTS assessments for a period of three years.

 

WHO IS ELIGIBLE TO QUALIFY THROUGH QLTS?

QLTS is open to certain International lawyers from a list of recognised jurisdictions, who wish to dual qualify within England and Wales. Qualification is also open to barristers of England and Wales.

Before you can apply to sit the assessments, you must apply to the SRA for a certificate of eligibility, which is effectively a certificate which confirms that you are eligible to take the QLTS assessments.

Remember! You can commence your QLTS training at any time and do not require a certificate of eligibility

When applying to sit the assessments, the SRA will consider the following:-

1) both the applicants qualification and jurisdiction are recognised by the SRA;

2) the applicant must have followed the FULL route to qualification (e.g taken the same assessments as domestic lawyers in a particular jurisdiction) and not a shortened or fast track route to qualification;

3) the applicant has the right to practise without restrictions or conditions upon your practising certificate.

4) the applicant must meet the SRA's suitability and English language requirements.

Before you decide to apply to sit the assessments, check the above with the SRA, for further details please refer to www.sra.org.uk/solicitors/qlts.page 

 

HOW DO I KNOW IF I AM FROM A RECOGNISED JURISDICTION?

This link will take you to the current version of the SRA's list of recognised jurisdictions.

The SRA update the list regularly.

If your jurisdiction is not listed on the SRA website, you may email the SRA at qltssurvey@sra.org.uk and the SRA will then make enquiries as to whether they can recognise your jurisdiction.

 

WHAT ARE THE SUITABILITY REQUIREMENTS?

The SRA will assess your suitability upon review of your completed QLTS assessment application form and together with an accompanying certificate of good standing from your home bar.

 

WHAT IS THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT?

All EEA, UK and Swiss candidates are exempted from the English language test due to EU legislation (European Directives 2005/36/EC or 98/5/EC). But does apply to ALL International and Intra-UK applicants.

There are two different forms for applicants applying for a certificate of eligibility:

FORM QLTS1 should be completed by applicants from the European Economic Area (EEA), UK and Switzerland.

FORM QLTS2 should be completed by all other International applicants.

It is your responsibility to evidence to the SRA that you are competent in English language at Common European Framework (CEFR) Level C2 or above.

If you are an international applicant applying via the QLTS2 application form or an intra-UK applicant applying on the QLTS1 form, you must be able to show that you have met our English language requirements. You can show this in any of the following ways:

  • Option 1 - Pass an English language test at the specified level/pass mark with one of the approved providers. Your test must have been passed within two years of your application for a certificate of eligibility.
  • Option 2 - Contact UK NARIC and ask them to assess your degree to show that it has been taught in English and is equivalent to a UK HFEQLevel 6 (e.g. bachelor's) degree. Please note that there is a fee for this service.
  • Option 3- Demonstrate that you hold a HFEQ Level 6 degree or higher from a university recognised by NARIC in a country in which NARIC has stated that all higher education takes place in English.
  • Option 4 - Show that you hold a HFEQ Level 6 degree or above from a Department of Business, Innovation and Skills-recognised UK university.

 

IS THERE AN EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENT?

No, unlike the previous QLTT experience requirement, the QLTS criteria does NOT require experience. The QLTS assessments ensure practical exercises as an objective way of assessing applicants' ability to practise in England and Wales.

The Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) have drawn on the experience of comparable regulators, such as the General Medical Council and General Dental Council, which use objective structured clinical examinations (known as Objective Structured Clinical Examinations) to test their candidates.

  

ARE THERE ANY EXEMPTIONS TO THE ASSESSMENT PARTS?

Candidates who have passed the Legal Practice Course (LPC) are exempt from the MCT assessment ONLY.

There are currently NO exemptions to Part Two (OSCE) and Part Three (TLST).

NOTE: LLB Law Graduates and Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) Graduates are NOT exempt from the MCT

 

 WHAT IS THE QLTS ASSESSMENT PROCESS?

The QLTS comprises of an outcomes based learning process in which QLTS applicants will be assessed against the QLTS Day One Outcomes, covering English legal knowledge, skills and competency levels.

The QLTS assessments have been designed to reflect the same detailed learning outcomes as set for the qualifying law degree, legal practice course (LPC), training contract and professional skills course (PSC) all of which form the domestic route to qualifying as a solicitor in England and Wales.

The level of competency is therefore the same as that of a newly qualified solicitor in England and Wales at the point of qualification.

 

WHAT IS THE QLTS ASSESSMENT FORMAT?

The QLTS assessments have been designed to reflect the domestic route to qualification as much as possible.

The QLTS assessments comprise of TWO parts:

PART ONE - Multiple Choice Test (MCT)

This part of the assessment essentially covers the under-graduate law degree with aspects of the Legal Practice Course (LPC) and Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) and assesses the candidate’s knowledge of core aspects of the law in England & Wales.

The MCT assessment consists of 180 questions. The exam will be divided into morning and afternoon periods of three hours each, with 90 questions in each period. 

Each question is based upon an area which will test the candidate upon Part A of the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) Day One Outcomes namely:

  • Solicitors' accounts,
  • Professional conduct,
  • Financial regulation,
  • Property
  • Equitable rights and obligations,
  • Business law
  • Contract
  • Tort
  • The English Legal System, incorporating, Human Rights and EU law.

 

PART TWO - Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)

The OSCE is divided into two parts:

Part I -  tests interviewing and advocacy skills,

Part II -  tests your online legal research, legal drafting and writing skills.

The OSCE examines Outcomes C, D and F of the SRA's Day One Outcomes. Candidates are examined in the 3 practice areas of:

  • Business
  • Property and Probate
  • Civil and Criminal Litigation

In each of these practice areas candidates do each of the following exercises once:

  • Client interview and completion of attendance note/case analysis
  • Advocacy/oral presentation
  • Legal research
  • Legal writing
  • Legal drafting

In total therefore candidates undertake 15 assessed exercises: 5 in Business, 5 in Property and Probate, and 5 in Civil and Criminal Litigation.

For practical purposes the OSCE is divided into 2 parts as follows:

OSCE Part 1

  • Client interview and completion of attendance      note/case analysis
  • Advocacy/oral presentation

OSCE Part 2

  • Legal research
  • Legal writing
  • Legal drafting

THE MCT STRUCTURE

Part One of the assessments MUST be passed before an applicant can attempt Part Two

The MCT assesses QLTS Day One Outcome A, comprising of core substantive law (essentially that of an under-graduate law degree). QLTS Day One Outcome A, comprises of eleven areas of law detailed below:

A1 - Knowledge of the English Legal System and EU Law

A2 - Knowledge of Constitutional Law

A3 - Professional conduct and Solicitors Accounts

A4 - Knowledge of the Regulatory and Fiscal Frameworks

A5 - Understanding of Contract Law

A6 - Understand of Torts

A7 - Understanding Criminal Law

A8 - Understanding Property Law

A9 - Understanding Equitable Rights and Obligations

A10 - Understanding Human Rights

A11 - Understanding Business Law

  

WHAT IS THE FORMAT FOR THE MCT ASSESSMENT?

There is no denying that the MCT is a tough assessment! 

The exam is divided into morning and afternoon periods of three hours each, with 90 questions in each period (the assessment consists of a total of 180 multiple choice questions).

Each of the questions on the test is followed by five possible answers. Candidates should choose the best answer from the stated alternatives. Each question is designed to be answered by applying fundamental legal principles to the given fact patterns.

The questions within the MCT are not designed to catch you out, the facts of a question is not isolated and you are not expected to cite cases.

However,  as one of the UK's largest legal training providers and invaluable knowledge and experience of training overseas lawyers, we recognise that comprehensive training is a must for these types of assessments!

 

HOW MANY QUESTIONS WILL THERE BE FOR EACH DAY ONE OUTCOME A?

The 180 questions will be divided roughly equally between each of these 11 outcomes.The exam is divided into morning and afternoon periods of three hours each, with 90 questions in each period.

 

WHAT IS THE MARKING CRITERIA FOR THE MCT? 

Candidates should mark only one answer for each question. Multiple answers will not be counted. Marks are based on the number of questions answered correctly.

There is no set pass mark for any parts of the QLTS assessments. The pass mark is not fixed as it enables the pass mark to be adjusted to eflect the relative difficulty of each individual test.

 

THE OSCE STRUCTURE

Part Two of the QLTS assessments - Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) covers the practical legal skills tests. Candidates will be tested against the QLTS Day One Outcomes C, D and F.

Essentially candidates are tested upon the day to day legal skills and knowledge expected of a newly qualified lawyer within England and Wales. Although this part of the assessment is often considered to be a practical test, candidates are still expected to have a good knowledge and understanding of the five areas of law, business, civil and criminal litigation and property and probate. The ability to apply the law to the practical scenarios is essential.

The level of assessment is higher than that of the LPC as this part of the assessment essentially combines the legal knowledge and practical aspects of the domestic training.

 

WHAT IS THE FORMAT FOR THE OSCE ASSESSMENTS?

The following table illustrates how OSCE Part 1 is organised for each of the 3 practice areas of Business, Property and Probate, and Civil and Criminal Litigation:

Activity Timings
Client interview/completion of attendance note  
Preparation 10 minutes
Client Interview 25 minutes
Completion of attendance note/case analysis 25 minutes
Advocacy/Oral Presentation  
Preparation for advocacy/oral presentation 45 minutes
Advocacy/oral presentation 15 minutes

 Please note that different candidates complete the OSCE Part 1 exercises in different orders. Candidates may therefore start with the advocacy/oral presentation station.

It is anticipated that candidates will undertake OSCE Part 1 in the 3 practice areas in the morning or afternoon on 3 separate but consecutive days. Further details of this are given for each sitting.

OSCE Part 2

The following table shows the timings for the different exercises:

Activity Timings
On-line legal research 60 minutes
Legal Writing 30 minutes
Legal Drafting 45 minutes

Candidates undertake this cycle 3 times, once for each of the practice areas of Business, Property and Probate, and Civil and Criminal Litigation. It is anticipated that candidates will undertake OSCE Part 2 in the 3 practice areas in the morning or afternoon on 3 separate but consecutive days. Further details of this are given for each sitting. Please note that OSCE Part 2 is a computer based assessment and if there are technical difficulties candidates may be recalled on the day following the end of OSCE Part 2.

Samples materials of the OSCE assessments are available upon the Kaplan QLTS website http://qlts.kaplan.co.uk/the-assessment/osce

 

DO YOU OFFER TRAINING FOR ALL PARTS OF THE QLTS ASSESSMENTS?

Yes, we have compiled comprehensive training packages for all parts of the QLTS assessments. Our training packages have been tailored to ensure that all parts of the QLTS Day One Outcomes are covered.

Our materials have been specifically written for the QLTS and not redacted from other training aids.

We have a team of valuable, experienced and knowledgable experts within the legal sector. Our team comprises of International legal trainers, Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) external examiners, Legal Practice Course (LPC) Lecturers and writers; practising solicitors and barristers.

Both of our MCT and OSCE training packages have been designed to ensure that you will have all of your QLTS training needs in one package. We would not expect you to need to carry out further reading of textbooks to be able to gain a good understanding of the content required to sit the QLTS assessments.

Our products are packed within different learning tools, from comprehensive manuals, supporting resource packs, revision guides, self-assessment materials, resreach tasks and video tutor support. Not to mention access to an online MCT mock test which you can use to test your knowledge as many times as possible. Whats more? we offer training upon how to use the Lexis Library database together with access to the database itself.

 

WHAT TRAINING PRODUCTS DO YOU OFFER FOR THE MCT? 

 

 

WHAT TRAINING PRODUCTS DO YOU OFFER FOR THE OSCE ?

 CLT offer a comprehensive training package to cover all aspects of your OSCE training, comprising of: 

  • FIVE COMPREHENSIVE  MANUALS - A manual for each of the OSCE practice areas of the SRA's Day One Outcome "C", with added emphasis upon the aspects of Day One Outcomes "D" and "F". Whilst the OSCE tests the skills of an individual, and in-depth knowledge of each practice area of law is also required throughout the assessments. Our manuals cover each part of the Day One Outcome "C" indicative content and aid in applying the law to practice situations. The manuals have been produced purely for the QLTS assessments, by a team of experienced professionals and tutors.            

 

  • FIVE STUDENT RESOURCE PACKS - The OSCE Resource pack offers the student so much more to cover their preparation needs for the OSCE Parts. The Resource Packs are accessed via our prestige student      support centre and compliments each practice manual. The Resource Packs include revision exercises, further reading (complimented with direct access to the Lexis Library Database), points of interest, assessment guidance, additional reading, research guidance and materials and self-assessment      practices.

 

  • TUTOR VIRTUAL TRAINING - CLT pride ourselves upon our ever expanding media knowledge and technology which enables us to produce the most versatile, user friendly products. The Virtual Training element of the OSCE packages has been cleverly developed into the Student Resorce Packs to work alongside the comprehensive manuals and resource packs.  Our team of QLTS experts have provided in-depth recordings to iron out the difficult areas in practice. The OSCE Virtual Training sections offer over 1 hour of tutor virtual training for each of the practice areas, enabling you to get to grips with the law and practice skills necessary to achieve success in the OSCE. The Virtual Training videos also offer downloadable workbooks and slides for effective revision.

 

  • FOREIGN LAWYERS SKILLS MANUAL - This manual offers you an in depth knowledge of the necessary skills related to practice, the application of these skills to the OSCE practice areas and a crucial understanding of the invaluable requirements for the practice of law in England and Wales. The manual covers vital areas including legal writing and drafting; practical legal research; interviewing and advising and advocacy. All of which is tested within the OSCE assessments.

 

  • QLTS COURSE HANDBOOK - a detailed guidebook taking you through all of the stages of the QLTS assessments, including the assessment candidate guidelines, protocols and policies. The guidebook also includes a tailored study schedule to guide, organise and manage your study time effectively, ensuring that you are well equipped for the assessments.

 

  • FREE PERIODIC UPDATES - ensuring that your materials are up to date with any changes within the law is key to CLT's QLTS training. So much so that all of our products are taken through regular updating exercises, which will be automatically added to your student resource centre.  Updates will be made available on your unique login pages.

 

  • 24/7 ACCESSIBILITY - giving you the opportunity to access your study materials at the click of a button and without the need to leave your offices, home or jurisdiction.

 

  • NETWORKING OPPORTUNITIES - Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and other social networks, to ensure that you are up to date with all QLTS and English legal updates.

 

  • FREE PERIODIC UPDATES - ensuring that your materials are up to date with any changes within the law is key to CLT's QLTS training. So much so that all of our products are taken through regular updating exercises, which will be automatically added to your student resource centre.  Updates will be made available on your unique login pages. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOW MUCH STUDY TIME WILL I NEED TO PREPARE FOR THE ASSESSMENTS?

It is very difficult to give a complete answer upon how much study time should be committed to the QLTS assessments, especially as each candidate's circumstances are different, and their method of study, experience and knowledge of English law and general ability will determine the time it takes for them to adequately prepare for each element of the QLTS assessments.

Our course packages offer you the flexibility to study whenever and wherever you may be and our comprehensive student study schedule (which is available within the complimentary student handbook), enables you to allocate your study time around family, work and social commitments.

Some candidates are able to fully prepare for the assessments within a one month period, whilst many others commence their training three to six months before they expect to sit the assessments.

As a general guide, we recommend that you begin your preparation for the MCT as soon as possible, at least 3 months in advance. 

As for the OSCE and TLST, based on candidates' experience, it is recommended to spend at least 2-3 months preparation for the two practical assessments.

 

Kaplan QLTS release feedback following each assessment round, which details that subject areas that candidates showed strengths and weaknesses in.

 

 

 

 

 

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